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Standardizing the Language

 

Standardization of Grammar

 
  • One of the earliest grammars was William Bullokar's Pamphlet for Grammar (1586)

 
  • Nearly thirty grammars were published in the following 150 years

 
  • The grammarians' focus was mainly on the way the language was actually used by educated people

 
  • In the eighteenth century grammar was considered to be the most powerful means of drawing attention to the importance of linguistic standards

 
  • The half-century between 1750 and 1800 saw more English grammars published than in the whole of the previous two centuries

 
  • A new attitude towards grammar emerged: the prescriptive or normative approach

 
Robert Lowth, D. D. Lord Bishop of London
  • Grammars formulated rules and defined what was to count as correct and incorrect usage

  • The most important of the early prescriptivists was Robert Lowth (1710-87), professor of poetry at Oxford and bishop of London

  • Lowth published Short Introduction to English Grammar (1762), which had forty-five editions by 1800

 

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STANDARDIZING THE LANGUAGE

  Institutionalizing Standard Language

  Standardization of Spelling

  Standardization of Grammar

  Lindley Murray's English Grammar

  Murray's Rules

  “Elocution Walker”

  Prescriptivist Fallacy

  Positive Prescriptivism

MODERN ENGLISH

  The "Ink-horn" Controversy 

  Humour & Pathos in Shakespeare

  Biblical Phrases Test

  British vs. American English

  More

 

 
 
 
 

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